Chagall, Marc


Chagall, Marc
(1887-1985)
   Russian-born painter, sculptor, designer
   A leading artist of the 20th century, Marc Chagall was born in Vitebsk, Russia (now Belarus), studied art in St. Petersburg, and, between 1910 and 1913, in paris. He returned to Russia and, after the Russian Revolution of 1917, was director of the Art Academy in Vitebsk (1918-19) and art director of the Moscow Jewish State Theater (1919-22). In 1923, Chagall returned to France, where he spent the rest of his life, except for a period in the united States (1941-48). Known for his distinctive style, Chagall used color and form in a way that was derived partly from Russian expressionism and was strongly influenced by French cubism. This was already apparent in his early work (Moi et le village, 1910; La Violoniste, 1912; and Vue de Paris par une fenêtre, 1913). He also produced the print series Mein Leben (1922) in the same vivid motif. In addition to Jewish secular and biblical themes, Chagall's work combines recollections with fantasy and folklore (Le Songe d'une nuit d'été, 1950), and there are many prints illustrating other literary classics. Religious themes, however, prevail in many works, including a series of etchings done between 1925 and 1939 illustrating the Old Testament, and 12 stained-glass windows done for the Hebrew University Medical Center in Jerusalem (1962). In 1973, the Musée National Marc Chagall opened in Nice, to house hundreds of his works. Among Chagall's pieces with secular themes are his Écuyères aux colombes (1960), depicting themes used frequently by the artist in both painting and ceramics—figures with flowers, birds, and other animals. Chagall also completed in 1964 a huge canvas to cover the ceiling of the Paris opera, and two large murals for the lobby of the Metropolitan Opera House in New York City. Chagall died in Saint-Paul-de-Vence.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • CHAGALL, MARC — (1887–1985), artist. Chagall was born in Liozno, Vitebsk in Belorussia; his family name was Segal, and he himself later adopted the spelling Chagall. His father worked in the warehouse of a herring monger. Chagall was sent to ḥeder as a child and …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Chagall, Marc — born July 7, 1887, Vitebsk, Belorussia, Russian Empire died March 28, 1985, Saint Paul, Alpes Maritimes, France Belarusan French painter, printmaker, and designer. After studying painting in St. Petersburg, he moved to Paris in 1910. During the… …   Universalium

  • Chagall, Marc — ► (1887 1985) Pintor lituano. Su pintura, fantástica y colorista, es de estilo expresionista, pero influida por el surrealismo. Destaca su visión inocente del mundo en el simbolismo de sus obras: Sueño de una noche de verano y La noche verde,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Chagall,Marc — Cha·gall (shə gälʹ, gălʹ, shä ), Marc. 1887 1985. Russian born artist noted for his dreamlike, fanciful imagery and brilliantly colored canvases. Among his works are two huge murals designed for the New York City Metropolitan Opera House (1966).… …   Universalium

  • Chagall, Marc — (1887 1985)    French artist of Russian origin. He was born in Vitebsk and studied in St Petersburg and Paris. In May 1914 he had a one man show in Berlin. In 1917 he was appointed commissar for fine arts in Vitebsk and director of the Free… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Chagall, Marc —  (1889–1985) Russian born French artist …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Chagall, Marc Zakharovich — (7/7/1889 Vitebsk, Belarus 3/28/1985 St Paul de Vence) (Belarus / France)    Painter, illustrator, etcher, ceramicist, lithographer, and sculptor. A major figure in modernist art, best known for decorative and inventive dreamy works. The folk… …   Dictionary of erotic artists: painters, sculptors, printmakers, graphic designers and illustrators

  • Chagall — Chagall, Marc …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Marc Chagall — im Juli 1941 Fotografie von Carl van Vechten, aus der Van Vechten Collection der Library of Congress Marc Chagall (* 24. Junijul./ 6. Juli 1887greg …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Marc Chagall — In Paris, 1921 Birth name Moishe Shagal Born 6 July 1887 (NS) Liozna, near Vite …   Wikipedia


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